Alagoas Foliage-gleaner
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General Information
Universe Real Life
Classification Philydor novaesi
Species Type Ovenbird
Homeworld Earth
Environment Humid forests of northeast Brazil
Intelligence Non-sapient
Biochemistry Carbon-based lifeform
Discovered 1983
Discoverer Dante Martins Teixeira & L.P. Gonzaga
Biological Information
Reproduction Sexual; lays eggs
Average Weight 30–38 g (1.058–1.34 oz)
Average Length 18 cm (7.0866")
Locomotion Powered flight
Distinctive Features Able to be misidentified as an Alagoas Goliage-gleaner
Feather Color Rufous-Brown
Lineage Information
Related Species Cryptic Treehunter
Cultural Information
Alignment True Neutral
Organization Flocks; known to have joined mixed-species flocks with Lesser Woodcreeper, among others
Sociocultral characteristics
Scientific Taxonomy
Planet Earth
Domain Eukaryota
Kingdom Animalia
Subkingdom Eumetazoa
Infrakingdom Bilateria
Superphylum Deuterostomia
Phylum Chordata
Superclass Tetrapoda
Class Aves
Infraclass Neognathae (Neognaths)
Superorder Neoaves
Order Passeriformes (Passerines)
Infraorder Tyrannides (Suboscines)
Family Furnariidae (Ovenbirds)
Genus Philydor
Species novaesi
Other Information
Status Extinct
First Sighting 1979
Last Sighting 2011
Possible Population 0

The Alagoas Foliage-gleaner (Philydor novaesi) is an extinct species of ovenbird formerly endemic to the humid forests of northeast Brazil: Murici in Alagoas and Frei Caneca in Pernambuco.


The binomial of this bird commemorates the Brazilian ornithologist Fernando da Costa Novaes.


P. novaesi was an average-sized bird, with a length of 18 cm (7.0866") and weighing in at 30–38 g (1.058–1.34 oz). There was little in the way of sexual dimorphism and both sexes had a plain rufous-brown plumage. They are notably so similar to the Cryptic Treehunter that a specimen of the latter was mistaken for a Foliage-gleaner for 7 years. They prefer interior upland forests between 400-550 meters (1312'4.03" - 1804'5.54") above sea level, where they spent their time in a wide array of groupings: Alone, in pairs, in small groups, or even in mixed-species flocks.

Discovery, decline, & extinctionEdit

The species first spotted in 1979 Murici in Alagoas, Brazil, with only a few sightings in that area since. In 2003 it was recorded at Frei Caneca Private Reserve in Pernambuco, Brazil. At this point it was listed as critically endangered with an estimated population between 50 to 249 birds.

Habitation loss put great pressure upon the species as the clearance of Atlantic forest in Alagoas and Pernambuco left them with few places to support them. The last recorded sighting happened in 2011 and by 2019, the bird was officially classified as extinct.

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